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Decoupling Traceability and Identity in Blockchain enabled Supply Chains

By: Sidra Malik, Naman Gupta

Published: 2021-05-01

Organization: TradeChain

Tags: Self Sovereign Identity, privacy, permissioned blockchain, supply chain, traceability

Overview: —Blockchain technology can provide immutability, provenance and traceability in supply chains. To utilize Blockchain’s full potential, it is important to link supply chain events to the relevant entities for traceability and accountability purposes. Authorized participation is realised through consortium of various organisations. Transactions are verified by peer nodes pertaining to the consortium. Hence, privacy preservation of trade sensitive information such as trade flows and locations of production, storage and retail sites cannot be ascertained. In this work, we propose a privacy-preservation framework, TradeChain, which decouples the trade events of participants using decentralised identities. TradeChain adopts the Self-Sovereign Identity (SSI) principles and makes the following novel contributions: a) it incorporates two separate ledgers: a public permissioned blockchain for maintaining identities and the permissioned blockchain for recording trade flows, b) it uses Zero Knowledge Proofs (ZKPs) on traders’ private credentials to prove multiple identities on trade ledger and c) allows data owners to define dynamic access rules for verifying traceability information from the trade ledger using access tokens and Ciphertext Policy Attribute-Based Encryption (CP-ABE). A proof of concept implementation of TradeChain is presented on Hyperledger Indy and Fabric and an extensive evaluation of execution time, latency and throughput reveals minimal overheads.

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